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Technique du Micro-Enseignement: Une Approche Pour Enseigner La Pratique de La Lecture aux Apprenants de Niveau A2 et La Perception de Cette Technique Par Les Futurs Enseignants
(Micro-Teaching Technique: An Approach of Teaching Reading Skills to A2 Level Learners and Prospective Teachers’ Views of the Technique )

Author : Nurten ÖZÇELİK    
Printing Year : 2017
Number : Volume 5 Issue 3
Page : 672-682
DOI Number: : 10.18298/ijlet.1786
Cite : Nurten ÖZÇELİK , (2017). Technique du Micro-Enseignement: Une Approche Pour Enseigner La Pratique de La Lecture aux Apprenants de Niveau A2 et La Perception de Cette Technique Par Les Futurs Enseignants. International Journal of Languages' Education and Teaching, Volume 5 Issue 3, p. 672-682. Doi: 10.18298/ijlet.1786.
141    125

Summary

Cette étude a été préparée en vue de déterminer les difficultés rencontrées par les futurs enseignants lors de l’enseignement de la lecture aux apprenants de niveau A2 par la technique du micro-enseignement, et de mettre à jour leurs opinions concernant les avantages ainsi que les inconvénients de cette technique. Le groupe de travail est composé de 20 futurs enseignants (14 femmes, 6 hommes) du Département de la Didactique du FLE de la Faculté Pédagogique de l’Université Gazi, pour le deuxième semestre de la période 2014-2015. Les données recueillies par les questions à réponses ouvertes ont été évaluées par la méthode de l’analyse descriptive, à la suite des calculs de fréquence. Selon les résultats obtenus, les futurs enseignants ont surtout du mal à prononcer le français, à gérer leurs émotions, à préparer une présentation, des activités de pré-lecture et du dossier de présentation. Augmenter la confiance en soi, apprendre à préparer un plan de cours, donner la possibilité de voir les aspects insuffisants sont les points positifs de la technique. L’insuffisance des participations au cours, l’artificialité du milieu de la classe, la subjectivité des critiques des pairs sont indiqués par les participants comme les inconvénients de cette technique.


Keywords
Micro-enseignement, compétence de la compréhension écrite, enseignement/apprentissage du français

Abstract

This study is conducted to determine the difficulties that French prospective teachers encounter in implementing the technique of micro-teaching in the teaching of reading skills to A2 level learners in foreign language classes and so as to exhibit the positive and negative aspects of the technique based on prospective teachers’ views. The study group was composed of 20 undergraduate students (14 of whom were female and 6 of whom were male) attending the French Language Teaching Department of Gazi Faculty of Education of Gazi University and taking the course Special Teaching Methods II in the 2014-2015 academic year. The data collected by means of open-ended questions were evaluated through descriptive analysis by calculating frequencies. According to the findings obtained in this research, the participants encountered difficulties most in pronouncing French, then in controlling their excitement, in preparing a presentation, a pre-reading activity and the presentation file, respectively. Accordingly, raising self-reliance, learning to prepare a lesson plan, enabling to see the lacking sides are listed as the positive sides of the technique. Having a small number of students participating in lessons, the artificiality of the classroom environment, the pressure caused by being exposed to peer evaluation are the negative sides of the technique.


Keywords
Micro-teaching, reading skills, teaching/learning of French

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